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Najlepszy Masaz

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Scalene Neck Muscles – Najlepszy Masaz

Neck muscle group

What do you need to know about scalene muscle syndrome?

Scalene muscle syndrome is caused by the anatomy of the cervical region. Let's get to know the details and find out who is responsible for the pain in the collar area, as well as swelling and numbness of the upper limbs?

Anatomy of the scalene muscles

There are only three scalene muscles: posterior, middle, and anterior. They are located vertically, on the sides of the spine and are attached to the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae from above and to the first ribs from below, passing behind the clavicle. It is in this place, slightly above and behind the clavicle, at the beginning of the chest, that the pain syndrome of the scalene muscles develops.

The anterior and middle scalene muscles contain the subclavian artery and the nerve that runs from the spine to the armpit. The distance here is quite narrow, but if the muscles are elastic, soft and have a normal tone, then nothing threatens the vessels and nerves. In addition, the muscles are covered with fascia - connective tissue structures that allow them to slide relative to each other and protect the muscles from spasms. However, there are situations in which the scalene muscles go into a hypertonic state. This causes pain and compression of the subclavian neurovascular bundle in the interstitial space.

Thus, with scalene muscle syndrome, two variants of this dysfunction are possible:

The first option is myofascial trigger syndrome. Areas of tension form in the muscles - pain points and projected pains in the neck, shoulder girdle, chest, shoulder blades and arms.

The second option is neurovascular dysfunction. It is caused by the compression of a muscle on a nerve or vessel. In addition to pain, neurovascular pathology is involved - the so-called scalenus syndrome (m. scalenus – scalene muscle) or Naffziger syndrome.
It includes the following symptoms:

➖ pain radiating to the arm (reaches 4 or 5 fingers), on the front surface of the chest (at the place of muscle attachment), occipital region. The pain is worse at night when turning the head, abducting the arm or expanding the chest while inhaling. By contracting, the scalene muscles lift the lungs up and straighten the chest. Therefore, scalene muscle syndrome is common in people who have shortness of breath, often suffer from respiratory diseases or suffer from anxiety disorders (hyperventilation syndrome).

➖ neck muscle tension, sensory impairment, upper limb weakness, up to deep paresis and loss of muscle tissue.

➖ violation of blood supply to the arm - swelling, cyanosis, cold, weak pulse. In addition to the subclavian artery, the lymphatic vessels of the upper limb are clamped. This causes fluid stagnation and swelling in the supraclavicular fossa (Kovtunovich pseudotumor syndrome).

➖ trophic disorders of the limbs - nail dissection and hair growth disorders (only in advanced pathology).

As part of the prevention of the scalene muscle syndrome, we invite you to a back and neck massage in our massage salon in Warsaw - Najlepszy Masaż.
Registration via phone 733-706-432 

22.05.2023

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